Minamata, Japan, 1950s

Almeida, Paul and Linda Brewster Stearns. “Political Opportunities and Local Grassroots Environmental Movements: The Case of Minamata.” Social Problems 45 (February 1998): 37-60.

Bardsley, Jan. “Japanese feminism, nationalism and the royal wedding of summer ‘93.” Journal of Popular Culture 31 (Fall 1997): 189-205.

Breton, Mary Joy. Women Pioneers for the Environment. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1988.

Butler, Steven. “A bay, and people, safe again.” U.S. News & World Report, August 11, 1997, 41.

Cyranoski, David. “Disputed diagnoses hamper claims of mercury poisoning.” Nature, November 2001, 138.

Efron, Sonni. “Victims Not Ready to Close Books on Minamata Saga.” Los Angeles Times, August 10, 1997, A1.

Fujie, Sakamoto. “A Family Tragedy.” Translated by Sugihara Megumi. AMPO: Japan Asia Quarterly Review 27, no. 3 (1997): 30-33.

George, Timothy S. Minamata: Pollution and the Struggle for Democracy in Postwar Japan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Harada, Yoshitaka, and Kaneki Noda.”How It Came About the Finding of Methyl Mercury Poisoning in Minamata District.” Congenital Anomalies 28 (October 1988): S59-S69.

“History of Minamata Disease.” Minamata City.

Huddle, Norie, and Michael Reich with Nahum Stiskin. “Tragedy at Minamata.” In Island of Dreams: Environmental Crisis in Japan,  102-32. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman, 1987.

Hughes, Jim. “The Journalist” Camera 35 (April 1974): 2.

-----. W. Eugene Smith: Shadow & Substance: The Life and Work of an American Photographer. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989.

Iijima, Nobuka. “Social Structures of Pollution Victims.” In Ui, Industrial Pollution in Japan, 154-72.

Interviews by the author with Jun Ui, Aileen Smith, Eiko Sugimoto, Moku, and Michiko Ishimure in November  2003 in Tokyo, Kyoto, Minamata, and Kuwamoto.

Ishimure, Michiko. Story of the Sea of Camellias. Translated by Livia Monnet. Kyoto: Yamaguchi, 1983.

-----. Paradise in the Sea of Sorrow: Our Minamata Disease. Translated by Livia Monnet. Kyoto: Yamaguchi, 1990.

-----. “Quo Vadis Homo Nipponicus.” Translated by Tashiro Yasuko and Frank Baldwin. The Japan Interpreter 8 (Autumn 1973): 392-95.

“Japanese case settles after 40 years.” International Commercial Litigation  (July/August 1996): 8.

Kawamoto, Teruo. “A Shameful Retreat.” Special Issue on Minamata Disease. AMPO: Japan Asia Quarterly Review 27 (1957): 37-38.

Korn, Pearl. “Smith’s Place.” Camera 35 (April 1974): 16.

Locher Freiman, Fran, and Neil Schlager. “Mimamata Bay Mercury Poisoning.” In Failed Technology: True Stories of Technological Disasters. Vol. II, 326-32. Detroit: UXL, 1995.

Maddow, Ben. “The Wounded Angel: An Illustrated Biography.” In Let Truth Be The Prejudice: W. Eugene Smith His Life and Photographs.  New York: Aperture, 1985.

Masazumi, Harada, with Aileen M. Smith. “Minamata Disease: A Medical Report.” In Smith and Smith, Minamata, 180-92.

Masazumi, Harada. “Minamata Disease as a Social and Medical Problem.” Japan Quarterly XXV (January-March 1978): 20-34.

McKean, Margaret A. Environmental Protest and Citizen Politics in Japan. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1981.

Mishima, Akio. Bitter Sea: The Human Cost of Minamata Disease. Translated by Richard L. Gage and Susan B. Murata. Tokyo: Kosei, 1992. (originally published in 1977 in Japanese).

Mizoguchi, Kozo. “Japan’s Top Court Orders Government to Pay Minamata Mercury Poisoning Victims 22 Years After Case Was Filed.” Associated Press, October 19, 2004.

“Our Intensive Efforts to Overcome the Tragic History of Minamata Disease.” Japanese Environment Agency.

Pace, Eric. “Teruo Kawamoto, Victim’s Advocate in Mercury Outbreak.” The New York Times, February 22, 1999, B8.

Pierce, Bill. “Homage to a Prickly Pear.” Camera 35 (April 1974): 16.

Pollack, Andrew. “Japan Calls Mercury-Poisoned Bay Safe Now.” New York Times, July 30, 1997, A9.

-----. “Mercury, Mostly Gone from Bay in Japan, Still Poisons Town’s Life.” The New York Times, August 23, 1997, 1, 6.

Ross, Catrien. “Minimata disease redress settled.” The Lancet, December 23/30, 1995, 1695-96.

Smith, W. Eugene, and Aileen M. Smith. “Minamata, Japan: Life—Sacred and Propane—A Photographic Essay on the Tragedy of Pollution, and the Burden of Courage.” Camera 35 (April 1974): 26-51.

-----. Minamata. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975.

Smith, Aileen M. “Why Minamata?” In Minamata, by W. Eugene Smith and Aileen M. Smith. Tucson: Center for Creative Photography, 1981.

“Supreme Court Holds State Responsible For Minamata Outbreak.” Asia Pacific Biotech News 8 (November 15, 2004): 1177.

Swinbanks, David. “Japan pledges new aid to Minimata victims.” Nature, June 29, 1995, 711.

“Top court holds state to account for Minamata.” The Japan Times, October 16, 2004.

Thurston, Donald R. “Aftermath in Minamata.” The Japan Interpreter 9 (Spring 1974): 25-42.

Tremblay, Jean-Francois. “Chisso settles most Minamata disease cases.” Chemical & Engineering News 74 (June 3, 1996): 8-9.

Ui, Jun, ed. Industrial Pollution in Japan. Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 1992.

Ui, Jun. “Minamata Disease.” In Ui, Industrial Pollution in Japan, 103-32. Tokyo.

-----. “Minamata Disease and Japan’s Development.” Translated by Sugihara Megumi. AMPO: Japan Asia Quarterly Review 27, no. 3 (1997): 18-25.

Upham, Frank K. “Litigation and Moral Consciousness in Japan: An Interpretive Analysis of Four Japanese Pollution Suits.” Law & Society 10 (1976): 578-619.

Watts, Jonathan. “Minamata Bay finally declared free of mercury.” The Lancet, August 9, 1997, 422.

-----. “Mercury poisoning victims could increase by 20,000.” The Lancet, October 20, 2001, 1349.

Yasumori, Nishi. “Despite My Convulsions, I Haven’t Applied.” AMPO: Japan Asia Quarterly Review 27, no. 3 (1997): 39.

Yoichi, Tani. “The ‘Final Settlement’: Have We Been Told the Whole Truth.” AMPO: Japan Asia Quarterly Review 27, no. 3 (1997): 26-29.

The exchange rate for what Chisso could have spent, presumably in 1959, was 1¥ at .0023¢, as per The New York Times, November 1959.


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