Love Canal, New York, 1978

Binns, Jessica. “Remediation: Cleanup Complete at Love Canal.” Civil Engineering News (December 2004): 22.

Brown, Michael H. Laying Waste: The Poisoning of America by Toxic Chemicals. New York: Pantheon, 1980.

DeRosa, Christopher T., and Hugh Hansen. “The Impact of 20 Years of Risk Assessment on Public Health.” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 9 (2003): 1219-28.

Description and Plan of the Model City, Located at Lewiston, Niagara County, NY, Designed to be The Most Perfect City in Existence. Lewiston, NY: The Model Town Company, 1893.

Epstein, Samuel, Lester O. Brown, and Carl Pope, Hazardous Waste in America. San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1982.

Fowlkes, Martha R., and Patricia Y. Miller. Love Canal: The Social Condition of Disaster. Washington, DC: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 1982.

Fletcher, Thomas H. From Love Canal to Environmental Justice. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 2003.

Gibbs, Lois Marie. Love Canal: My Story. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1982.

Hammer, Armand, with Neil Lyndon. Hammer. New York: Putnam Perigee, 1988.

Hooker Electrochemical Company. Elon Huntington Hooker, 1869-1938: A Tribute to Our Founder. Niagara Falls, NY: n/d.

Hooker Electrochemical Company After Twenty-Five Years: Manufacturers of High Grade Chemicals. New York: Hooker Electrochemical Co., 1929.

Layzer, Judith A. “Love Canal: Hazardous Waste and the Politics of Fear.” In The Environmental Case: Translating Values into Policy. Washington, DC: CQ, 2002.

Levine, Adeline Gordon. Love Canal: Science, Politics, and People. Lexington, MA: Lexington, 1982.

Allan Mazur, A Hazardous Inquiry: The Rashomon Effect at Love Canal. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998.

New York State Department of Health. Supplement to the Love Canal Emergency Declaration Area Proposed Habitability Criteria, Appendix 6: Love Canal Chronology. Albany, NY: September 1988.

New York State Department of Health. Habitability Decision: Report of Habitability, Love Canal Emergency Declaration Area. Albany, NY: September 27, 1988.

New York State Department of Health. Love Canal Follow-up Health Study: Project Report to ATSDR, Public Comment Draft. Albany, NY: October 2006.

Thomas, Robert E. Salt and Water, Power and People: A Short History of Hooker Electrochemical Company. Niagara Falls, NY: Hooker Electrochemical Company, 1955.

Thompson, Carolyn. “Twenty-five years later, the battle over Love Canal goes on.” Albany Times Union, August 3, 2003, D4.

U.S. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment. Habitability of the Love Canal Area: An Analysis of the Technical Basis for the Decision on the Habitability of the Emergency Declaration Area. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, June 1983.

United States v. Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corporation, 680 F.Supp. 546 (W.D.NY 1988).

United States v. Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corporation, 722 F.Supp. 960 (W.D.NY 1989).

United States v. Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corporation, 850 F.Supp. 993 (W.D.NY 1994).

Weinberg, Steve. Armand Hammer: The Untold Story. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989.

Worden, Amy. “Twenty-five years later, Love Canal’s lessons still resonate.” Philadelphia Inquirer, August 1, 2003, A1, A12.

Many of the facts about the operations of the Hooker company, and other relevant material, are derived from the trial transcripts and other legal submissions in the lawsuit by the United States and the State of New York against the chemical company to recover the over $200 million spent by the governments to investigate and remediate Love Canal, including the buyouts of several hundred homes. Decisions from the court in this case are cited above. The author was one of the trial attorneys for the State of New York in this litigation.


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